K. Cichocki, J. W. Wekezer
The paper presents research results of a study, in which computational mechanics was utilized to predict vehicle trajectories upon traversing standard Florida DOT street curbs. Computational analysis was performed using LS-DYNA  computer code and two modified public domain finite element models of motor vehicles: Ford Festiva and Ford Taurus. Computational mechanics analyses indicated that both vehicles tend to retain larger amount of their kinetic energy after traversing street curbs. It is therefore dangerous to anticipate that performance of street curbs would be comparable with that demonstrated by guardrails. Full-scale experimental tests for Ford Festiva and Ford Taurus have been performed at Texas Transportation Institute to validate the assumed discrete numerical models and the results of LS-DYNA analyses. Both vehicles have been tested for two values of approach angle, with impact velocity of 20 m/s (72 km/h). The numerical study indicated a strong dependence of vehicle trajectories on properly assumed discrete model for suspension and tires. The major goal of the further research was to study the behaviour of various vehicles (including heavier Chevrolet pickup-truck) for different approach angles, velocities and curb profiles.
Keywords: dynamics; impact; trajectories; explicit analysis