R. Yue, Z. Li, J. Cheng, G. Yang, Y. Yang, Z. Tian

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Pages: 143-158

In current signal control schemes, the prevailing control method is still the arterial coordinated control, which involves coordinating a group of adjacent traffic signals along a major road. However, during the actual implementation process, technicians have observed substantial variations in the effectiveness of mainline coordinated control across different road segments. These variations are attributed to different signal control strategies, giving rise to an ongoing debate regarding the alignment of the beginning or end of the green phase. The impact of these two alignment methods on bandwidth and road capacity in arterial coordinated control remains a subject of controversy. Therefore, this paper aims to compare the two methods using a real-world scenario. Based on the inherent characteristics of coordinated control, a traffic capacity model for coordinated segments was established. Subsequently, the influence of green start alignment and green end alignment on the capacity of green wave segments and the improvement of existing traffic conditions was analyzed using the proposed capacity model. To validate the analytical model, simulations were executed using VISSIM, and data on delay and the number of stops were collected. The conclusion indicates that from the perspective of benefits and safety, green start alignment outperforms green end alignment. This research provides insights for parameter settings in signal coordinated control, with the potential to significantly reduce the number of vehicle stops, and has practical significance for energy conservation and emission reductions.
Keywords: performance measurements; arterial signal coordination; trajectory