Z. Liangliang, H. Xiukun, Q. Siyuan
An effective railway transportation can be conducive to sustainable development of society and economy, thus highlighting the importance of studies on railway transportation effectiveness. In this case, the research establishes a methodology to evaluate railway transportation effectiveness during the period from 2005 to 2019 in China. Firstly, the research determines the indexes for evaluation of railway transportation effectiveness from the perspective of input-output. Subsequently, the research uses criteria importance though intercrieria correlation (CRITIC) model and the cross-efficiency evaluation model to evaluate railway transportation operation capacity and efficiency, respectively. Finally, the research establishes the Euclidean distance coordination degree method (EDCD) to measure railway transportation effectiveness. The results show that: (1) the characteristics of the China’s railway transportation operation capacity has significantly increased; (2) the characteristics of the China’s railway transportation efficiency has experienced the ascent-descent-ascent variations; (3) the characteristics of China’s railway transportation effectiveness presents the ascent-descent-ascent variations, which is basically consistent with the characteristics of railway transportation efficiency. The proposed methodology could be used to make decisions for railway transportation enterprise to scientifically coordinate the reasonable growth of railway transportation operation capacity and the effective improvement of railway transportation efficiency.
Keywords: railway transportation; evaluation of operation capacity; evaluation of transportation efficiency; evaluation of transportation effectiveness; CRITIC method; cross-efficiency evaluation method; Euclidean distance coordination degree method